Locating qualified service technicians is an ongoing concern in Europe, just as it is in North America. I am aware of many of the apprenticeship programs that are currently on offer in the United States and Canada. However, I am reliably informed that these programs are not being embraced by workers as much as expected.
Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) technology is not new, but technicians are beginning to see more of it as car manufacturers add more GDI-equipped vehicles to their product lines. Robert Bosch LLC says in 2015 37% of new vehicles will feature GDI technology. By 2020, 49% of all new vehicles will have GDI engines. Bosch projects it will have 56% OE market share in GDI technology in 2017.